Smoking During Pregnancy

Effect of Smoking During Pregnancy

We all know smoking is bad for you, but the affects are mcuh worse when pregnacy is involved. Only 12% of mothers reported smoking during pregnancy but only 20% actually quit. Babies who are born to women that smoke during there pregnacy are 30% likely to be premature. Babies born premature weigh 200 grams less then babies whose moms didn't smoke during pregacy. Women who smoked during the last three months of pregnancy, 52% reported smoking 5 or less cigarettes per day, 27% reported smoking 6 to 10 cigarettes per day, and 21% reported smoking 11 or more cigarettes per day. Smoking during pregnancy doubles a woman's risks of having a low-birthweight baby. Low birthweight can result from poor growth before birth, preterm delivery or a combination of both. Smoking can also increase the risk of of preterm delive. Even if a mother is not a smoker and is around people who smoke or bonfires, the baby still has a 20% chance of being premature.

Pregnancy and Smoking (Pregnancy Health Guru)

Smoking After Pregnancy

Not only does smoking affect the baby in the womb, but it affects things after birth. It can slow their growth, meaning the child will not be able to reach its height and weight like it should have. It can also slow the brain development, impairs breathing, and increases the chances of SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome. It can also increase fluids in the ear, which can cause hearing problems and sometimes even speech problems. It can weaken their immune system because they are still developing it as they get older. It can also increase the chance of the baby having apnea. Apnea is short brief stops of breathing while sleeping. Other effects of smoking on babies are cleft lip, cleft palate, clubfoot, gastroschisis, and heart defects. While you are breastfeeding in maybe harder to produce milk for your baby. Which will cause babies to not gain weight as fast.

Healthbeat - Smoking & Pregnancy

Affects on the Mother

Smoking throughout pregnancy does affect both mother and child and can lead to complications that could have been prevented had the mother stopped smoking. Fortunately some mothers suddenly develop a strong distaste for smoking when they become pregnant and are easily able to give up smoking for the nine-month period or longer. If you quit smoking within the first 3 months of being pregnant, you are greatly increasing the probability of giving birth to a normal and healthy baby. Not only does this harm the baby, but it can also harm the mother. Smoking can cause various types of cancer, such as; lung cancer, lip cancer, thyroid cancer, etc. It makes your lungs weaker, and makes it harder to breath. Smoking while pregnant can cause a placental abruption. That is when the uterus walls are pulled by the placental. It makes it worse when smoking because the walls are thinner. It can also cause infertility or miscarriages. It can cause the child and your future to be addicted and to make things worse for the both of them.

Here are some effects of smoking:

  • Ectopic pregnancy: it can be life-threatening for the mother and can lead to infertility. When this happens, the egg becomes implanted in a fallopian tubes and begins to grow. This type of pregnancy will never result in the live birth of a child because there is not enough room for the baby to grow, and it must be removed as soon as soon as you find out. This happens by an injection of drugs or by surgery.
  • Foetal death - when the baby is still a foetus, less to 28 weeks, and dies. Maternal smoking has been linked to the death of 5 - 10% of all deaths in the womb.
  • Stillbirth and death of the baby in the first week and it is increased by 3 times.
  • Miscarriage
  • Increase of heart rate and blood pressure in the mother due to the effects of the nicotine.
  • Blood clots, vomiting

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What to Avoid Before Pregnancy